We explain what the UN is, its creation and main organizations. In addition, what are its characteristics and the member countries.

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The UN is dedicated to solving problems between nations.

What is the UN?

The United Nations Organization or UN, also called the United Nations (UN), is the largest and most important international organization on the planet. Most of the recognized nations of the world adhere to it.

The UN has a complex and diverse organization, which allows it to focus discussion on issues and specific aspects of international interest. It has the representation of the interested countries and the concert of nations, which may well offer themselves as mediators or impartial arbitrators.

member countries they resort to it to discuss and solve different dilemmas that affect humanity as a whole. Through free voting systems, the need to undertake actions of any kind to resolve any specific problem can be decided at the UN.

Its resolutions may include from issuing international applications whose compliance is more or less mandatoryto intervene through an international coalition (the “blue helmets” or Peace Forces) in some region of the world, etc.

See also: Mercosur

When was the UN created?

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The UN seeks to prevent new war atrocities from occurring.

The UN was originally created in the United States in the year 1945. It was created through the “United Nations Charter” to which its 51 founding countries subscribed. His goal was advance in the construction of a model of world order to prevent new war atrocities.

This international decision was a response to the massacres that occurred during World War II, just ended. To this end, the UN replaced the League of Nations which had been founded in 1919 for the same purpose, but which was considered totally unsuccessful.

founding countries of the UN

The 51 countries present at the founding of the UN were:

UN history

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The UN has led numerous peacekeeping missions since 1991.

From the date of its creation, the UN has reformed its operation numerous times, as the global political landscape changes in complexity and needs. In this way, it keeps growing in acceptance, importance and organizations.

The UN too has been subject to eventual criticism and accusations of partiality or impotence before the global powers that be. This has meant the creation of numerous internal organizations in charge of different aspects considered vital.

Due important international declarations have been achievedsuch as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) or the Rights of the Child and Adolescent (1959), among others.

The ONU since 1991 he has led numerous peacekeeping missionsfor military, civil, social and humanitarian purposes, among which the Ivory Coast (2002), Liberia (2003) and Lebanon (2006) stand out, to put an end to civil wars.

Principal organs of the UN

un security council
The Security Council is made up of 15 member countries.
  • General Assembly. The main body of the organization, it allows debate among the member countries, under the direction of a president of the assembly elected for each period of sessions. They address issues of global importance such as the recognition of new countries, ecological problems or the economy.
  • Security Council. Formed by five permanent members with veto power (which are China, Russia, the United States, France and the United Kingdom), and another ten non-permanent members, admitted for two years and elected in the General Assembly. This body must ensure world peace and decide when international intervention is justified.
  • Economic and social Council. With 54 member countries, together with representatives of academic and business sectors and more than 3,000 NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations), this council is in charge of discussing international episodes regarding massive migrations, famines, health crises, etc.
  • Trusteeship Council. Body that ensures the correct management of the territories under the supervision of the UN, promoting their development towards their own and independent government. It is composed only of the permanent members of the Security Council.
  • International Court of Justice. Based in The Hague, it is the judicial body of the UN, where legal disputes between States are dealt with and cases of crimes against humanity, too atrocious to be the jurisdiction of ordinary national courts, are evaluated. It is made up of 15 magistrates, elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council for nine-year terms.
  • Secretary. Administrative body of the organization, which provides bureaucratic services to the other councils and manages around 41,000 officials worldwide. It is headed by the organization’s Secretary General, elected at the General Assembly for five-year terms.
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What are the goals of the UN?

The main objective of the UN is prevent wars and mediate conflicts between nations politically and diplomatically. The other members of the world scene collaborate through opinions, suggestions, offers of help or demands and organized multilateral pressures.

Furthermore, the UN is a world leader in the fight for Human Rights (DD.HH), through various educational, social, humanitarian and military initiatives. It also has judicial courts for crimes against humanity or war crimes.

UN specialized bodies

world food program - UN
The World Food Program is dependent on the General Assembly.

The UN has a variety of specialized bodies, dependent on both the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the General Secretariat or the Security Council. They address specific, determined issues and situations. Some of them are:

  • World Food Program (WFP), dependent on the General Assembly.
  • Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), dependent on the General Assembly.
  • United Nations Compensation Commission, Peacekeeping Missions and Operations (UNCC), under the Security Council.

What countries are members of the UN?

The UN is currently made up of 193 full member states, which are:

Afghanistan Albanian
Germany Andorra
Angola Old and bearded
Saudi Arabia Algeria
Argentina Armenia
Australia Austria
Azerbaijan Bahamas
Bangladesh barbados
bahrain Belgium
belize Benin
belarus bolivian
Bosnia and Herzegovina botswana
Brazil Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria Burkina Faso
Burundi bhutan
Cape Verde Cambodia
Cameroon Canada
Taste Chad
Chili China
Cyprus Colombia
comoros Congo
Ivory Coast Costa Rica
Croatia Cuba
Denmark Dominica
Ecuador Egypt
The Savior United Arab Emirates
eritrea Slovakia
Slovenia Spain
USA Estonia
Ethiopia Philippines
Finland fiji
France Gabon
Gambia Georgia
Ghana Grenade
Greece Guatemala
Guinea Guinea-Bissau
Equatorial Guinea guyana
Haiti Honduras
Hungary India
Indonesia Iraq
Iran Ireland
Iceland Marshall Islands
Solomon Islands Israel
Italy Jamaica
Japan Jordan
Kazakhstan Kenya
Kyrgyzstan Kiribati
Kuwait Lesotho
Latvia Lebanon
Libya Liberia
liechtenstein Lithuania
Luxembourg Macedonia
Madagascar Malaysia
Malawi Maldives
Mali malt
Morocco Mauricio
Mauritania Mexico
micronesia Monaco
Montenegro Mongolia
Mozambique Myanmar
Namibia Nauru
Nicaragua Niger
Nigeria Norway
New Zealand Oman
Netherlands Pakistan
Palau Panama
paua new guinea Paraguayan
Peru Poland
Portugal Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Russia Syria
Central African Republic Czech Republic
North Korea South Korea
moldova Congo
Lao Dominican Republic
Nepal Tanzania
Rwanda Romania
samoa Saint Kitts and Nevis
San Marino St. Vincent and the Grenadines
St. Lucia Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal Serbian
seychelles Sierra Leone
Singapore Somalia
Sri Lanka South Africa
Sudan South Sudan
Sweden Swiss
Surinam swaziland
thailand Tajikistan
East Timor Togo
Tonga Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia Turkenistan
Turkey Tuvalu
Ukraine Uganda
Uruguay uzbekistan
belarus bolivian
Vanuatu Venezuela
Vietnam Yemen
djibouti Zambia
Zimbabwe
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Why is the UN important?

un importance
The UN provides funds to those most in need.

The presence of the UN offers to the international scene the possibility of a transparent and frontal mediation. This can be vital in preventing wars or settling disputes institutionally, without allowing them to escalate into disaster.

The same happens in the face of tragedies of natural origin., in which the UN can intervene to contribute funds, provide aid or organize rescue assistance work. Finally, the UN provides funds to those most in need through educational scholarship plans, support for mobility, etc.

criticism of the UN

The UN has also been the target of much criticism, mostly among its members who cannot agree regarding the role they want this institution to occupy. Some want it to be a true world government, while others want it to deal only with humanitarian affairs.

The rules of the game are not always equally clear to everyone. This has caused it to be perceived at the mercy of the most powerful member countries, especially those that make up the Security Council, to the detriment of the interests of the poor or of those who are not even part of the organization.

The fact that powerful countries have a permanent vetoFor example, it hinders any cause that goes against its own interests. There are also accusations of ineffectiveness, waste and corruption.

UN official page

The official portal of the UN is http://www.un.org/es/index.html.

References:

  • “United Nations Organization” on Wikipedia.
  • “What is the UN?” (Video), at United Nations.
  • “UN Essentials” on the Official UN Website.
  • “Main Organs” on the Official UN Website.
  • “Structure of the United Nations” in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Spain.
  • “What is the UN? From its creation to the present day” at Eacnur.org.
  • “United Nations” in The Encyclopaedia Britannica.

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