What is a Coup

What coup is known the swift and violent action by which a particular group seizes or attempts to seize power by force and disrespecting the lawsin order to displace the legitimate authorities in force.

It is called a coup because supposes a violation of the institutional legitimacy on which the State stands as a form of political organization and the legal regulations by which it is governed.

Coups are characterized by being fast, violent and sudden. The purpose of this is that it be an operation in which the risk of confrontation is as minimal as possible.

They can be classified according to the way in which they were perpetrated. We can differentiate the constitutional coupwhich is one in which power is taken by internal elements of the government itself, and the military coup or military pronouncement, which is the one in which power is taken by the armed forces, which is also the most frequent. It can also occur with elements from both groups in revolt, which is known as civic-military coup.

Today four forms of pressure on the state are recognized that can lead to coups: pressure on the government or parliament to influence their decisions; the claims against both the government and parliamentarians under threats; the use of violence or threats of violence to force the replacement of a civilian government with another civilian government and, finally, the use of violence or threats of violence to force the replacement of a civilian government with a military one.

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During the course of the 20th century, the coup d’état was characterized as the way in which the armed forces, through force, displaced legitimate (or not) governments from power, which were generally replaced by dictatorial governments.

Coups d’état have been recurrent in the last two centuries of the history of Latin America Y Spainfrom Mexico, passing through Central America, Venezuela, Colombia and Peru, until reaching the countries of the Southern Cone (Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and Paraguay).

Today, however, coups d’état continue to take place in the region, although their nature has changed somewhat, adopting less obvious forms, and resorting to methods such as destabilization and social chaos to generate situations conducive to interrupting the constitutional continuity of the Condition.

etymologicallythe term coup d’état is a carbon copy of the French coup d’étatwhich was used for the first time in 17th century France to designate the violent measures taken by the king to get rid of his enemies, without respect for the laws and under the excuse that they were necessary measures to maintain state security and the common good of the population.