What is a Globe

Globe is an expression related to the field of Cartography that designates the three-dimensional scale model of the planet Earth. As such, the globe is a representation of a spherical shape, designed according to the shape and surface of the earth, where the layout of the lands and waters is shown.

Although history records globes from the 2nd century B.C. C., the first where we find represented the lands of the so-called “New World”, that is, the American continent, was made by German geographer Martin Waldseemüller in 1507.


The main function of the globe is to represent the planet Earth, whether to be used as teaching tool for the teaching of Geography, whether for scientific, recreational or ornamental purposes.

Etymologically, globe is an expression that is made up of the Latin words globewhich translates ‘globe’, and terrestrial, which is formed with the Latin words land‘earth’, and aqua‘Water’.

Features of the globe

The globe is a spherical three-dimensional object. The continents and seas are represented in it, which in turn can exhibit the political division of the world, or simply show the reliefs of the land and sea topography, or both inclusive.

The globe can also contain the imaginary lines that correspond to the meridians and parallels. These allow identifying the location of different points on the map in relation to the latitude and longitude.

The terrestrial globes are usually fixed on a support whose angle of inclination emulates that of the Earth in relation to the Sun, as well as the turning movement known as rotation.

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Earth globe and planisphere

Earth globe refers to the rRepresentation in a spherical object of the planet Earth. Instead, a planisphere It is the graphic representation, made on a plane, of the terrestrial sphere, also known as a world map, or of the celestial sphere, relative rather to the stars.

See also:

  • Latitude
  • Meridian
  • Length
  • map types