What is a Hacker

hacker is an English voice to refer to a person or a community that has knowledge in the area of ​​computing and is dedicated to accessing computer systems to make changes to it. Hackers are also known as “hackers”.

The term hacker comes from the verb hack What does “cut” mean? “alter” some irregularly shaped object. The current meaning of the term hacker was known from the 50s of the 20th century to designate an intelligent alteration in some machine, social networks and the different connections between computers, originating in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology whose programmers were known as “hackers”.

As such, the community of hackers have as function Know in depth the operation of the different computer systems in order to find errors, correct them and solve them. A hacker’s job is to get past all security systems, and when they get past them, most of them report to the owners of the systems to improve their security.

Within hackers there are subgroups, the main ones are: wannabe They identify themselves as having desires to belong to this community, but because they are starting they are not recognized in it, newbies they are characterized by being beginners, they have basic knowledge; lammers professional hackers are created without being so, causing damage to third parties; the gurus they are in charge of teaching future hackers, they are known as the masters, they are not active but they continue to study, practice and explain the basic techniques, phreaker They are people with extensive knowledge in modular and mobile phones, among others.

There are different types of hackers and are differentiated by virtue of their functions, such as:

  • white hats – Also known as white hackers or white hats, they are characterized by violating computer systems and discovering errors in them and informing the company about them and thus being able to contribute to or improve computer security systems. Sometimes, companies call these hackers to enter the system in order to discover weaknesses and check or test security systems.
  • the black hats (black hats) – known as crawlers, they fulfill the opposite functions of the hackers mentioned above since they violate computer security systems, enter restricted areas, steal and delete information; they infect or take over networks, that is, their main function is to perform malicious actions by entering the computer system in order to obtain some benefit.
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Most hackers’ activities are illegal, so if they are caught they are prosecuted and may serve time.

Difference between hacker and cracker

The term cracker It is derived from the English meaning “break” either “break” computer security systems. Crackers are a community that invade systems, decipher keys and passwords of programs, steal data or commit any other illicit activity. Regarding the theft of information, many try to sell the information or publish it in order to inform the public about some fact of interest, however, some do it just for fun.

hackers they use their knowledge to demonstrate the vulnerability of a system and correct it, in turn, the crackers modifies or harms them to obtain a benefit.

In general, some hackers develop software to protect users from possible attacks by crackers.

See also Vulnerability and Backup.