What is a Standard

It is known as rule to the rule or a set of these, a law, a guideline or a principle that is imposed, adopted and must be followed to correctly carry out an action or also to guide, direct or adjust the conduct or behavior of individuals.

In relation to its meaning, it is established that the term norm comes from Latin and means “squad”, which is an instrument with a right angle (in the form of a square) that is used to adjust some materials, such as wood, stones, etc.

The standard can be applied in the vast majority of knowledge or areas. In linguistics and grammara norm is the set of rules that determine the correct use of the language, and the set of linguistic characters to which the construction and grammatical correctness conform.

In technology and industry, a norm is the procedure, a model or pattern, to which a job, a task or a process conforms. It is also the rule that determines the size, composition and other characteristics, such as quality, that an object or an industrial product must have in order to guarantee a socioeconomic balance in the market.

The norms discussed above are prepared or drafted and approved by various international institutions in a process called normalization or standardization.

in computingthe normalization of a database consists of applying a series of rules to the relationships to avoid redundancy and data update problems, protecting its integrity.

In maththere is the vector norm, which is an application of a so-called norm operator, which measures the length and magnitude of vectors in a vector space.

In chemistryis called normality, represented by the letter “N”, to a measure of the concentration of a species in a solution.

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On the other hand, the term Norma is also used as a woman’s name. Likewise, it is the name of some cities, a storm, a hurricane, a constellation, an asteroid that orbits the sun between Mars and Jupiter, among others.

social norm

In sociology, a social norm is the set of rules or laws that make up the moral or ethical part of a society’s culture and guide the behaviors, actions, tasks, and activities of individuals in a given society; these norms are no longer imposed. socially assumed and recognized for the majority, such as customs, tradition, fashion, etc.

In Law, a legal norm or rule is a general rule, precept or order, with rights and duties, established by a competent authority to order the behavior and, therefore, the coexistence of the human being.

This is imposed by obligation, whose non-compliance brings with it a sanction. In this area, there are different types of rules, such as public or private order rules, imperative rules, permissive rules, permanent rules, transitory rules, among others. When this legal norm is accompanied by some type of crime, it is called a criminal norm.

conventional standard

Conventional norms, also known as customary norms, are those that are not established in any law but are met by their repetitive practice over time, and specific territory, is what is known as custom.

The customary norm is born from the use or social practices, considering the customary law a source of law. Any act to be able to be immersed within this right must be a repetitive and generalized use, that is, it must be a behavior carried out by all or the great majority of the members of the community; and must create an awareness of obligation, in which non-compliance entails a violation of the principle that governs the community.

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norm and law

The law is a type of legal norm, but this is not always law. The law is a legal norm dictated by the legitimate power to regulate behaviors, and its non-compliance generates a sanction.

On the other hand, the norm is a rule or provision established by an authority to regulate the procedures that the individual must follow to achieve an objective.

The norm is generic, it can be of a high hierarchy like each norm of the Magna Carta, or of a low hierarchy as a resolution. Instead, the law is specific that they constitute the highest hierarchy.

See also Law.

religious norm

Religious norms are those that regulate the behavior of man, in order to get closer to God and achieve eternal life. Religious norms impose duties but do not oblige man to fulfill them, it depends on the love that each one feels for God, and thus achieve divine bliss.

For example, the ten commandments constitute a type of religious norm, and some of these norms are framed within legal norms such as: do not kill, do not steal.

moral standard

Moral norms are those that regulate the conduct of man within the society to which he belongs. These rules are fulfilled freely, and consciously by the human being, who must distinguish good from evil in each of his actions, which generates remorse in the individual’s conscience in case of non-compliance.

See also:

  • Moral standards.
  • Types of rules.
  • Legal standard