What is Abortion (concept and Definition)

What abortion is called the Interruption of pregnancy before the twenty-third week of gestation. It can be caused by natural causesspontaneously, or be induced deliberately. The word comes from the Latin abortionwhich means ‘deprivation of birth’.

The The issue of abortion has always been very controversial.and involves a series of ethical, moral and legal considerations, as well as social, economic or religious ones.

There are different positions regarding the abortion, some radical and others more moderate. The Churchfor example, considers that abortion should be seen, first of all, as the murder of a human beingand that the vital process must take place naturally according to the will of God, so that does not admit it under any circumstances. One of the biggest criticisms of this position is that it does not even accept the therapeutic abortion when it is done to safeguard the life of the mother.

More moderate positions argue that the abortion It should only be admitted when there are serious threats to mental and physical health, both for the mother and the child, under medical justification and under appropriate hygienic conditions. So instead of the voluntary abortionthey consider that pregnancy is an individual responsibility that should not be interrupted at will but be prevented. This is the case of most countries in the world, which have adopted a legislation prohibiting elective abortionbut what accept induced abortion when you consider that the health risks to the fetus and mother are serious enough.

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Finally, there is a position that considers that Abortion must be the free choice of the woman., whether due to medical reasons or simply to an express individual will. She defends the woman’s freedom to decide when and why to terminate the pregnancy. In most countries around the world, elective abortion can be a crime, and carries prison terms for those who perform it.

On the other hand, the word abortion it can also expressly refer to being aborted or, in a figurative sense, it can allude to a thing, activity or process that has been interrupted. Likewise, in a pejorative sense, it can be used as a synonym for spawn or monster.

Spontaneous abortion

What miscarriage or miscarriage is called the one where the loss of the fetus occurs unintentionally before the twentieth week of pregnancy, since from this it is considered premature labor. It can be a early miscarriage if it occurs before the twelfth week, or latewhen it occurs between the twenty-second and twentieth week of gestation.

The miscarriages may be due to multiple causes, such as chromosomal abnormalities that hinder the normal development of the baby, the consumption of drugs, alcohol or tobacco by the mother, as well as serious illnesses that are not under proper medical surveillance. Also, problems of obesity, hormonal disorders, infections, problems in the immune system, or of a physical nature in the reproductive organs of the mother, can be the cause of a spontaneous abortion.

Induced abortion

The induced or provoked abortion is the Voluntary termination of pregnancy, through an external intervention, performed before the twenty-third week of gestation. As such, it can be supported by medical reasons, when the health of the mother or the fetus, both physical and mental, is in serious danger, or by unilateral decision of the woman, for economic or social reasons, or because it is a unwanted pregnancy. Depending on the legislation of each country, induced abortion may or may not be sanctioned by law. Countries like Chile, Nicaragua and Honduras still do not admit, under any circumstances, the induced abortionwhile the rest of the Latin American countries contemplate specific cases where induced abortion is legal.

See also Unwanted pregnancy.

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therapeutic abortion

What therapeutic abortion designates the type of induced abortion performed before the twenty-third week of pregnancy that due to medical reasons. For example, you should proceed to a therapeutic abortion when the health of the mother, either physically or mentally, is seriously compromised due to the pregnancy. The motivations that lead to abortion are mainly preventive and curative, although they also favor therapeutic abortions the risk of a congenital or genetic disease of the fetus, as well as the reduction of fetuses in multiple pregnancies.