What is an Adverb

The adverb is invariable part of speech that can modify or complement the meaning of the verb, the adjective, another adverb or an entire sentence.

Semantically, the adverb expresses circumstances of place, time, mode, quantity, order, doubt, etc.

Its main function is to serve as a circumstantial complement, this means that it can answer the questions where, how, when or how much.

By example:

I arrived right.

we must wake up early.

The adverb is also characterized by being morphologically invariant in gender and number. Let’s see a example:

those pants are very ugly and that skirt very pretty.

Examples and types of adverbs

Guy

Meaning examples
Of place express spatial circumstances

Down, forward, inside, where, here, there, there, there, around, here, up, behind, near, below, in front, behind, inside, where, above, in front, between, outside, away, on.

Of time

Express temporary circumstances

Today, yesterday, tomorrow, later, early, soon, already, never, now, right away, still, yet, recently, then, while, before, after, last night, then, always, never, occasionally, previously, constantly, forever, instantly, finally.
so Indicate modal qualities or nuance those of the adjective On purpose, so, still, quickly, well, of course, like, slowly, lightly, badly, better, fast, regular, similar, such, worse, passionately, eloquently, easily, skillfully, quickly, subtly.
Quantity They express quantitative modifications Barely, a lot, a little, somewhat, nothing, very, quite, too much, half, half, enough, more, less, almost, only, how much, what, so much, everything, enough, excessively.
of affirmation They are used to affirm or support an idea Yes, true, certainly, of course, well, clearly, surely, indeed, rightly, obviously, naturally, of course, of course.
of denial They are used to deny information. No, never, never, either, nothing, not even, none, none, not at all.
Of doubt Used to express doubt or uncertainty Perhaps, perhaps, perhaps, possibly, eventually, apparently.
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sentences with adverbs of place

  • Mary works far.
  • The basket with apples is here.
  • The ball is up from the sofa.
  • my cat sleeps over from my backpack.

Sentences with adverbs of time

  • Yet I’m not in my house.
  • I need you to call me Already.
  • Always hugs me when I wake up.
  • Louisa arrived afternoon to the theater audition.

Sentences with adverbs of manner

  • In this exam I got better.
  • that dress is similarr to mine.
  • this was my worse bike fall.
  • you always laugh So when something pleases you

Sentences with adverbs of quantity

  • I like it Quite Soup.
  • We did much exercise.
  • I eat little bit sweet.
  • It seems something fun to do.

Sentences with adverbs of affirmation

  • Effectively, I liked the book.
  • She Yes wants to study arts.
  • Surely you will achieve your goal.
  • Of coursesee you tomorrow.

Sentences with adverbs of negation

  • Nope I like your attitude.
  • Never I had seen a place like this.
  • None of your friends missed your birthday.
  • They either They went to the beach.

Sentences with adverbs of doubt

  • Luis possibly don’t come today.
  • we’ll go perhaps invite us to the party.
  • maybe wants to go out dancing tonight.
  • Probably travel this summer.

Adverb degrees

The degrees of adverbs offer information about the mode or intensity in which the action of the verb occurs. There are two types:

Comparative grade: It is used to compare two or more things with a greater, lesser or equal intensity. By example:

Charlotte walks as slowly as Juan.

He came early as your colleague.

Superlative level: it can be absolute and the ending -ísimo/ -ísima or -érrimo/ -érrima is added. By example:

Ramon arrived very late.

Carlos is his obstinate enemy.

The superlative degree can also be formed by adding an adverb of quantity to the adjective, such as plus:

her daughter is the plus sweet.

adverbial phrases

Adverbial phrases are expressions made up of two or more words. As they have their own meaning, they are said to form a lexical unit. They are divided into different classes:

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Latinisms: are expressions from Latin used in Spanish: a priori, a posteriori, in vitro, ex aequo, ipso facto, among others. For example:

The doctor suggested fertilization in vitro.

Phrases with an adverbial sense: expressions or ways of speaking that function as an adverb (knowingly, blindly, in the dark, from time to time, literally, reluctantly, point blank, etc.).

For example:

you left at dawn knowingly that it was dangerous.

prepositional groups: are those locutions that are formed by a preposition. For example: blindly, in the dark, in a big way, backwards, of course, from afar, in the middle, suddenly, with everything, in short, finally, without a doubt, among others.

“See you this afternoon definitely”.

adverb function

The adverb’s main function in the sentence context is to serve as a circumstantial complement, so it can answer questions such as where?, how?, and when? examples:

“My sister lives close of the municipal theater.

Close is an adverb of place that works as a circumstantial complement of place and answers the question where?

Hannibal eats Quick”.

Fast is an adverb of manner that works as a circumstantial complement of manner and answers the question how?

It also fulfills the function of directly modifying a verb, adjective or adverb. examples:

She eats little bit.

The adverb “little” modifies the verb “to eat”.

that athlete is very Quick.

The adverb “very” modifies the adjective “fast”.

you have behaved Quite right.

The adverb “quite” modifies the adverb “good”.

See also:

  • Adjective.
  • Noun.
  • Verb.
  • 140 examples of adverbs.