What is Archeology

The archeology It is the science that is responsible for the study of ancient societies from the material remains they left, consisting mainly of objects, artifacts, monuments or artistic works.

The archeology allows us to learn more about the life of human peoples or cultures already disappeared, since it is in charge of searching, gathering and analyzing the material objects they produced, and understanding their function, meaning and importance, in order, through them, to try to reconstruct their ways of life, their religious beliefs, their social and political organization. and economic etc In this sense, it is an auxiliary science of History and related to Anthropology.

Besides, the archeology has developed dating methods to determine the period to which the findings belong, in order to establish chronological divisions that allow differentiating the different stages that are recorded in the evolution of human civilizations. The best-known dating method, and one of the most reliable, is the one carried out with Carbon-14.

Likewise, the archeology establishes geographical divisions for the study of specific cultures or populations, whether it is an entire region (Egypt, for example), or specific localities or sites.

The archeology divides his study method into three phases: prospecting, excavation and laboratory work.

The archaeological survey understands the exploratory phase on the land itself, and involves a series of procedures aimed at determining the location of a potential deposit based on the discovery of material evidence.

Then the archeology proceeds to the stage of excavationwhich is constituted by the series of activities, techniques and operations of extraction of archaeological material for the next phase, that is, the analysis and study of what was found in an environment of laboratory to determine its dating, relevance, meaning, etc.

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Like all modern science, archeology has several subdivisionsamong which ethnoarchaeology, cognitive archaeology, contextual archaeology, experimental archaeology, archeology of architecture, public archaeology, urban archaeology, etc. stand out.