What is Bullying

As bullying is called any form of physical, verbal or psychological abuse or harassment that occurs between children and youth of school age repeatedly over time at school or college.

School bullying, also known as harassment, abuse, bullying or school bullying, in English, bullyingis a type of emotional violence that takes place in educational centers, and in their spaces (the classroom, the playground, the gym), although it can also be extended to other spaces, such as social networks, with the cyberbullying.

It consists of a form of systematic and continuous torture in which the aggressor subjects his victim through physical and verbal aggression, psychological torture, intimidation and isolation, to undermine his confidence and destroy his image in front of his peers.

In this dynamic, the aggressor is perceived as stronger than the victim, whether this force is real or not. The victim, for her part, feels inferior and lives in fear or anguish at school.

School bullying usually develops silently, in view of other classmates, accomplices by action or omission. And it can have severe psychological consequences on the harassed individual.

See also:

  • Bullying.
  • Cyberbullying.

Consequences of bullying

School bullying has disastrous consequences on the physical and mental health of the victim. On the one hand, it affects their school performance, and, on the other, their personal well-being, resulting in low self-esteem, distortion of their image, anxiety, nervousness, irritability or depression, among other things. Depending on how hard the situation can become, it can lead to thoughts about suicide in the victim of bullying and even its materialization.

Types of bullying

There are different types of bullying. They can be presented specifically or jointly, depending on the situation.

  • Physical: includes all kinds of physical aggression, ranging from kicks and punches, to pushing, among other things.
  • Verbal: it is expressed through words with nicknames or nicknames, insults, humiliations, disqualifications, etc.
  • Psychological: seeks to undermine the person’s self-esteem through threats and harassment, creating a situation of constant fear and tension.
  • Social: try to isolate the victim from the rest of the group.
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See also The 5 most common types of bullying at school.