What is Constructivism

Constructivism is a theory according to which the knowledge and personality of individuals are in permanent construction because they respond to a continuous process of daily interaction between affects, cognitive aspects and the social aspects of their behavior.

This theory was developed by psychologist, epistemologist and biologist Jean Piaget, and has been applied to different fields such as psychology, philosophy and education (pedagogy). It must be recognized, however, that the theory restates in a different way a preoccupation already present in epistemology and epistemology.

Constructivism is also called an artistic movement belonging to the first wave of avant-gardes of the 20th century.

constructivism in psychology

Constructivism in psychology posits that individuals are an active part of their learning processes, construction of reality, perception of experiences. For constructivism, it is the individuals who give meaning to what has been experienced, and therefore they cannot be seen as mere recipients of external determinations. At this point, constructivism is distinguished from positivism.

constructivism in education

The constructivist theory of learning maintains that individuals can develop and enhance their cognitive capacity through interaction processes through various tools. This allows them to develop different ways of solving problems and, therefore, to rethink their conceptions of knowledge and of the world.

The paradigm of this theory is that learning is a dynamic and participatory process, where the person is an active and leading agent of their own cognition process.

You may be interested:  What is a Premise (with Examples)

See also Learning

constructivism in philosophy

Constructivist philosophy or epistemological constructivism maintains that the representation of the world does not respond to reality itself, but to processes of interaction of the modes of appropriation of individuals and social groups in the face of reality. Therefore, for philosophical constructivism, the image of reality is in constant construction and transformation, and does not obey objective variables but rather the subjective way in which it is humanly perceived.

constructivism in art

Constructivism is an avant-garde artistic and architectural movement born in Russia, a few years before the Bolshevik revolution. The concept was developed by Tatlin between 1913 and 1914 from his association with Picasso and the Cubists.

It was the result of experiments conducted with various materials in real space. The materials explored by were wood, wire, pieces of cardboard and sheet metal. Unlike Suprematism, another abstract movement, Constructivism sought to set aside illusory devices.

Due to its connection with the postulates of Russian communism, the constructivists rejected the concept of salon art, reduced to small groups of proxies, and sought to reach a collective level in accordance with the principles of the new Soviet ideology.

See also Epistemology.