What is Desertification

The term desertification is used to refer to the natural process by which a set of organisms or biocenosis, loses its moisture from the wear of certain elements necessary to generate and maintain the life of different living beings.

Desertification should not be confused with the term desertificationwhich consists of the constant wear and useful life of the land as a result of the various activities of man that generate pollution and important climatic variations.

Desertification is a slowly evolving processTherefore, generally people do not perceive it, since it can take many years until its effect is really perceptible and noticeable.

desertification is direct consequence of climatic changes and the scarcity of various natural elementsespecially from the lack of water and humidity, as well as the wind.

The long dry seasons are also part of the effects that accelerate desertification thanks to little or no amounts of rain and soil erosion due to the scarcity of plants and animals.

Consequently, this situation favors the expansion of desert areasas well as the extinction of various species or, on the contrary, accelerates the evolutionary and adaptation processes in others.

Climate change, high levels of environmental pollution and the lack of human awareness about this serious problem are factors that accelerate the process of desertification.

This phenomenon is not typical of an area or region since it occurs in the various extensions of the planet and affects all living beings and their development.

On the other hand, the glaciations that have existed on Earth before the appearance of the human being are also considered as desertification, which have been analyzed by scientists and reveal the impossibility of having a space of fertile land for living beings in those conditions. climatic.

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Causes of desertification

There are various natural causes by which the desertification process is generated or accelerated in various areas or regions of the world. However, the main cause of all is the lack of water, a natural and vital element for the development of any living being.

Long periods of drought are also part of the causes that accelerate desertification, especially in arid areas that are getting drier, where deserts are gaining ground and the processes of soil erosion are accelerating.

Also part of the causes of desertification are the various activities of the planet, such as geological and biological phenomena, as well as the different types of soil and terrestrial formations that are part of the geomorphological processes that the Earth constantly experiences.

See also: erosion