What is Early Pregnancy

Early pregnancy is that pregnancy that occurs at puberty or in adolescence of a woman. In general, puberty begins at the age of 9 in girls and 11 years in boys and ends between 14 and 15 years of age. However, the World Health Organization (WHO) contemplated adolescence between 10 and 19 years of age.

Most of these pregnancies are not planned or desired, causing complicated situations at a biological, economic, psychological and social level.

In the biological field, the woman presents high risks during pregnancy or childbirth since her body is not fully developed for future physical changes, therefore, she must be given medical attention for the well-being of her health and that of the infant.

In the economic and psychological field, as is well known, a child is a great responsibility and most adolescents are not emotionally or financially prepared to assume that commitment, so it is very likely that they drop out of school to work or do both activities generating high stress since there are very few moments that they will be with their friends and can have fun. Sometimes teen parents are forced into an unwanted marriage that is unlikely to be stable.

In the social sphere, the girl is seen as the culprit of the situation, which is why on many occasions she may feel rejection and lack of support from her family, friends and everyone around her, generating psychological and health problems. the latter to both the mother and the child, likewise, suffers from a school dropout and difficulty in finding employment and a new love relationship.

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In reference to all of the above, when considering their future role, causes and consequences, adolescent parents can seek spontaneous or induced abortion as a solution, whether legal or illegal, it all depends on the laws of each country, risking the health of the mother or, give her child up for adoption at birth.

Due to the above and to avoid the mortality of mothers and newborns, the World Health Organization (WHO) has made a call to promote sex education in educational centers and homes, access to contraceptive methods and assistance from the public health in order to avoid early or adolescent pregnancies.

Causes of early pregnancy

The majority of sexually active adolescents do not regularly use any type of contraception, among the many reasons they give for this are the following: they do not believe it is in the period of the month in which there is a risk of pregnancy, they do not know when they will have an encounter sexual activity, they believe they are too young to gestate, they believe that they do not have sexual activity frequently enough for pregnancy to occur, or the lack of information on the use of contraceptive methods, among other reasons. However, sometimes there is the practice of unwanted sexual relations by adolescents as a result of the consumption of alcohol or drugs that contribute to unwanted pregnancies.

Premature or adolescent pregnancies as a result of rape or sexual abuse by a partner, family member or a third party. Regarding this point, in some countries it is considered sexual abuse of a minor, established by law when an adult has sexual relations with a minor in order to protect the minor since he lacks maturity to make the decision to have sexual relations with an adult, even if he approves the act. Therefore, an adult should look for a person who is at least the age of consent.

Likewise, studies have revealed that abandonment by the parents in the adolescent’s childhood, living in a dysfunctional family and economic deprivation increase the chances of an unwanted pregnancy.

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See also Unwanted pregnancy.

Consequences of early pregnancy

The adolescent who suffers a pregnancy at an early age suffers medical and psychological consequences for both her and the newborn. Among the doctors we have: risk of suffering from preeclampsia and eclampsia, low birth weight due to a poor diet, alcohol intake, smoking, etc.; anemia, high mortality risks for the mother due to hypertensive diseases, ectopic pregnancies and, in the newborn, the appearance of sudden infant death syndrome, spina bifida, among other diseases.

Regarding the psychological consequences, frustration and depression due to the new limitations that do not allow her to lead a life according to her age and environment as a result of her new role as a mother, which leads her to drop out of school and search for a job. work that helps her and the baby’s financial support, difficulty in forming a family, psychophysical abuse of the child, among other consequences.