What is Enculturation

enculturation is the process of transmission of customs, ideas and behaviors from one generation to another.

Also called enculturation, it indicates the way in which a previous generation teaches the next, consciously or unconsciously, part of the culture that it has adopted throughout its life through rewards and punishments.

In anthropology, endoculturation refers to the process in which the incorporation of the mother’s culture takes place, which is part of primary socialization.

Examples of endoculturation are membership or fanaticism of a specific football team, the adoption of certain religious customs and the way of reacting to certain events in daily life.

Characteristics of enculturation

Enculturation has specific characteristics that define it as such. One of the most important is that it is transmitted from one older generation to the next using a position of power and hierarchy to impose the intended culture. In this way, the continuation of said culture through time is achieved.

In addition, the receiver of knowledge knows who gives it. This knowledge is imposed by the older generation and socially reinforced in schools. Despite this, the received culture can be modified.

Endoculturation and transculturation

Endoculturation is the process of receiving and assimilating the culture of the previous generation. On the other hand, transculturation is the integration of a culture different from that of the subject who receives it with his own for the creation of a new one.

See also Transculturation.

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Endoculturation and acculturation

Enculturation continues the cultural form taught by previous generations. Acculturation, on the other hand, is the assimilation of a culture that is different from one’s own. In the latter case, we can take the phenomenon of colonization as an example.

See also Acculturation.

Enculturation and health

The way in which a person relates to their health is due to the enculturation process of the individual.

Generally, health care is learned through the specific habits of the family and can change if the cultural form of the place where one lives is different from what was initially learned.