What is Feminism

Feminism is a social movement that demands equal rights for women compared to men. The word comes from the Latin femalewhich means ‘woman’, and is composed with the suffix –ismwhich denotes ‘doctrine’ or ‘movement’.

Feminism, currently, is constituted as a current of thought which brings together a set of movements and ideologies, both political, cultural and economic, with the fundamental objective of achieving gender equality and the transformation of power relations between men and women.

In this sense, some conquests of the feminist movements They have been access to education, the right to vote, the protection of their sexual and reproductive rights, among many others related to citizen and democratic values.

As such, feminism tends to be seen, from a chronological perspective, as a sequence of historic waves. However, these stages were preceded by various works of a feminist tendency, even before this social movement was determined as feminism.

The first wave It emerged in various countries throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, both in Europe, mainly England, and in the United States and other Latin American countries. At that time, women fought, in principle, to obtain equal rights in marriage and later, for the right to vote.

The second wave was determined to claim family, sexual, labor and reproductive rights.

For her part, the third wave, spans from the 1990s to the present day, and seeks to right the wrongs of the second wave. Consequently, it seeks to demonstrate that women can assume various risks and obligations, develop in multiple spaces and be highly competitive and independent, therefore, it is related to women’s liberation.

In this sense, this third wave is sometimes called “the struggle for the empowerment of women” through solidarity and support among them, expressed in sisterhood.

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See also: types of feminism.

radical feminism

As radical feminism is called the current of thought that proposes to end patriarchal dominancethat is, male supremacy, through the opposition of gender roles and a comprehensive social restructuring.

This current originated in the United States during the 1970s, after various political, social and intellectual movements, when women proposed to fight for themselves against the social inequality produced by the domination of men over women.

Some criticisms that are made of the so-called radical feminism is that it ends up incurring in attitudes typical of feminism, that is, contempt and discrimination towards men and what they represent.

Feminism and machismo

Feminism is a current of thought that arises with critical and vindicative purposes of the role of women in traditionally macho or patriarchal societies and its main objective is equal rights between men and women.

The sexismfor its part, comprises a set of attitudes, behaviors, practices and beliefs that deny the equal rights of women in society and establish social structures of male supremacy.

As such, it manifests itself regardless of culture, tradition, or religion. It is precisely this type of behavior that has led to the emancipation of women through the feminist movement.

See also Machismo and feminism.