What is Hydrogen

Hydrogen is the element that is found in the greatest abundance in the universe. It is the smallest known molecule and does not belong to any of the groups on the periodic table..

Hydrogen in its pure form is very scarce on Earth due to the effect of gravity that prevents it from remaining stable, therefore it is always associated with another element, such as oxygen generating water (H2O), with nitrogen generating ammonia (NH3) or with carbon generating methane (CH4).

Hydrogen is commonly used as hydrogen peroxide, or hydrogen peroxide, which serves as a germicide to kill pathogenic organisms through oxidation.

Hydrogen is the only element whose three most common isotopes have been given different names: protium, when it has one proton, deuterium, when it has one proton and one neutron, and tritium, when it has one proton and two neutrons.

Isotopes are atoms that have the same number of protons but a different number of neutrons. Hydrogen on Earth exists mostly in the form of protium.

The word hydrogen derives from the Greek compound for hydro which indicates “water” and genes which refers to a “generator”.

Hydrogen on the periodic table

Hydrogen is the first element on the periodic table and does not belong to any of the other groups. Its atomic symbol is H and its atomic number is one, indicating the number of patterns in the nucleus.

The atomic weight or average mass of the hydrogen atom is 1.00794 and the state in which it is found at room temperature is gaseous whose molecules have a transition speed that does not allow stability in the atmosphere.

Hydrogen Characteristics

Hydrogen was discovered in 1671 by Robert Boyle when it was released as a gas in his experiments with iron and acid. It is only known as an element in 1766 identified by Henry Cavendish.

You may be interested:  What Are the Background

Hydrogen is the smallest known molecule and in space it is capable of generating a large amount of energy by creating fusions with its atoms generating helium (He). Scientists seek to recreate this hydrogen fusion on Earth to generate natural energy, but its power has also been used for weapons such as the hydrogen bomb.

See also: Oxygen, Fusion and Oxidation