What is Migration

The migration Designates the displacement of a group or population of human beings or animals, from one place to another.

The migration may be of character permanentwhen the individual definitively establishes his residence in the new place where he has settled, or temporarywhen due to shorter stays.

Furthermore, it can be considered forced if the factors that determine it do not depend on the subject, or voluntarywhen the one who freely makes the determination is the individual himself.

The causes that determine migrations They are multiple and, in this sense, have different motivations and characteristics.

It talks about migration for political reasons when a political crisis has unleashed a situation of institutional instability that severely affects a State and its citizens; It can also be motivated by the fact that said country is going through a totalitarian regime, without freedom of expression, which persecutes dissidence, which encourages many citizens, politically involved or not, to decide to leave the country for fear that they will not be respect their rights.

You can also talk about migration for economic reasons when an important part of the population is affected by an economic crisis, which causes many people to prefer to migrate to countries that offer them better opportunities.

The cultural factor it also plays an important role in the choice of migration destination, since generally cultures with similar characteristics and considerable historical ties tend to offer better possibilities for individuals to fully develop their productive potential within a society.

Likewise, other more complex situations, such as nuclear accidents or armed conflicts or wars, determine that a population feels the imperative need to migrate. This type of migration is forced.

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On the other hand, natural catastrophes, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, landslides, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, tornadoes, etc., foster the need for migration of a human population.

The word comes from the Latin migrato, migrationniswhich means ‘action and effect of migrating’.

Types of human migration

What human migration It is designated the displacement of individuals or groups of people through a geographical space to settle in a place other than the one from which they originate, and that is motivated by social, political or economic reasons.


What emigration It is known the social phenomenon that constitutes the departure of people from their country, region or town of origin, to settle in another country, region or town that offers them better prospects in terms of economic income, quality of life and possibilities of development at a national level. personal and family

See also Emigration.


The immigration It means the arrival in a country, region or locality by an individual or a group of people from another country, region or locality, with prospects of opting for a better quality of life, better opportunities, greater economic income and development possibilities. both on a personal and family level.

See also Immigration.

internal migration

The internal migration It is one that takes place within the borders of a country, that is, people move from one region or locality to another within the nation.

The most common type of internal migration is migration from the countryside to the citywhich occurs when people who live in isolated or very poor rural areas decide to move to urban centers in search of a better quality of life and greater employment opportunities.

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See also Displacement.

international migration

The international or external migration It is one that implies the displacement of individuals or groups of individuals outside the borders of their country of origin to another.

See also 7 key characteristics of globalization.