What is Public International Law (with Examples)

Public international law is responsible for studying and establishing rules to regulate the action of States and international organizations, with the purpose of promoting cooperation and negotiation, as guarantees for peace. It is thus a branch of law that provides legal order to the international community.

It is distinguished from private international law because it only mediates the relationships of companies and private associations at the international level for particular purposes. Public international law, as its name indicates, is restricted to those matters of public interest in the international community.

Are subjects international law States and international organizations). The fundamental references by which it is governed make up sources or legal norms, which include bilateral treaties, decisions of the organisms in question, customs and precedents. Entities of public international law respond to unilateral legal acts.

Among its responsibilities is to regulate and regulate:

  • territorial control of States (land, sea and airspace);
  • the ordering of individuals within the framework of said territory (immigration, nationality and asylum);
  • the protection of international cooperation standards, such as human rights and environmental care;
  • action against illicit actions committed by states, among others.

Public international law is exercised through international courts and tribunals, but these can only intervene if the countries in conflict are subscribed to some of the treaties they represent, which makes them subject to the orders of the court.

As an example of organizations of public international law we can mention:

  • United Nations Organization (UN).
  • The International Criminal Court.
  • The European Court of Human Rights.
  • The Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
You may be interested:  40 Skills of a Person That Are Extremely Valuable

See also: International Treaty