What is Synecdoche

A synecdoche is a literary figure that consists of the designation of one thing with the name of another.

It operates in a similar way to metonymy, although synecdoche uses parts of the same object or idea to refer to the whole, that is, it can refer to an object through one of its parts.

For example, in “Move the skeleton”, we use skeleton to refer to the whole body.

examples of synecdoches

  • The team has eleven pairs of legs fresh.
  • it was a simple mortal faced with the evil of the world.
  • A pair of eyes He followed her out of the bar.
  • The policeman he had put an alcabala on the spot.
  • He loves Almudena all the neighborhood.
  • Are four heads Looking for a solution.
  • It was sold to Prayed of the Persians.
  • Only the winners receive a metal Olympic.
  • The city from Lisbon surrendered to his talent.
  • The Ebro irrigate the outskirts of the basilica.

Characteristics and types of synecdoche

Synecdoche is a rhetorical figure of thought used both in literary discourse (narrative, poetry, drama, essay) and in colloquial language spontaneously.

The word synecdoche, as such, comes from the Latin synecdŏche, and this, in turn, from the Greek συνεκδοχή (synekdochḗ), which derives from συνεκδέχεσθαι (synekdéchesthai), which means ‘to receive together’.

We can find synecdoche used in the following ways:

The whole for the part: one of the parts is designated with the name of the whole set.

For example, him country performed commendably at the United Nations General Assembly,” rather than “The diplomatic delegation of the country had a commendable performance in the United Nations General Assembly”

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The part for the whole:Conversely, calls the whole set by the name of one of the parts.

For example, “In your house you have four mouths to feed”, rather than “in his house he has four people what to feed.”

The species by the genus: where the entire species is called through the genus.

For example, him men destroys itself with wars”, instead of saying: “the human being it destroys itself with wars.”

The genus for the species: to refer to the species, it mentions the genus.

For example, “He rode the beast with great authority,” rather than “he rode the horse with great authority.”

The thing by the material of which it is made: Designates an object by the name of the material it is made of.

For example, “He knew how to wield the steel like a teacher” instead of “he knew how to wield the sword like a teacher.”

See also:

  • Metonymy
  • Literary figures.