What is the Internet

Internet is a neologism of English that means decentralized computing network with global reach. It is a system of interconnected networks through different protocols that offers a great diversity of services and resources, such as, for example, access to hypertext files through the web.

Internet is an anglicism that is formed by the abbreviation of the term International Network of Computerswhich in Spanish could be translated as ‘International Computer Network’or also as ‘Network of networks’.

In Spanish, the word internet is considered a proper noun. The Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), in its dictionary, admits that it be written with or without an initial capital letter. Hence, preferably, it is used without an article, although in case of using it, the feminine use (la) is recommended, since the equivalent name in Spanish would be ‘red’, which is feminine.

internet origin

There are two versions of the beginning of the internet. The most popular indicates its creation as a response from the US Department of Defense, who in the 1960s sought a way in which all the computers used within the organization would work on a network, even if one of the computers suffered a failure. due to an enemy attack.

However, another less widespread version indicates that at the same time, in the Office for Information Processing Technologies (IPTO), a man named Robert Taylor (who was making his debut as director of the office) had the idea of ​​generating a system that would allow researchers to share resources through the use of links.

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If this idea worked, it would allow them to do their work more efficiently and avoid the unnecessary purchase of more computers, considering that at that time they were extremely expensive and complicated to move and install.

The project was initially approved for its development by ARPA, (Advanced Research Projects Agency), which although initially dedicated to funding academic research, later became part of the US Department of Defense, called DARPA. For many, this is where the belief spreads that the Internet was a project developed for military purposes, when in fact it was a solution designed and financed for civilian and research purposes.

Internet and world Wide Web (www or website)

The two terms are sometimes used interchangeably, although they do not technically have the same meaning. The Internet is the transmission medium used by world Wide Web or www (in Spanish the term web is usually used). In this way, one of the services that the Internet allows us to use is the web, understood as a set of protocols that allows remote access to hypertext files (content with links to other texts).

Internet as a means of communication

The possibilities offered by the Internet as a source of access to information and knowledge in multiple formats are almost limitless. Hence, in recent decades, traditional media have been driven to offer platforms and solutions adapted to new times and information consumers.

In the beginning (early 1990s), many media outlets used the internet as a support, a secondary tool on which the content was emptied through the web. Little by little, the media began to adjust the formats of their content so that they were more compatible, in form and substance, with the characteristics of the Internet and the web.

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The characteristics of the Internet allow the presentation of information in many formats, such as sound, video, images and text. It allows combining elements of other media, such as radio, journalism and television. Hence, in recent decades, many media outlets have not only managed to adapt to the technological progress that the Internet entails, but new media and unprecedented platforms have also emerged for the creation and transmission of information and content.

The emergence of platforms such as Blogger or WordPress, which allow the creation of blogs, the emergence of digital platforms for social networks such as Facebook, Twitter or Instagram, the evolution of instant messaging, streaming services (transmission of multimedia content such as movies, series or videos), digital television, among other advances, have not only redefined the role of traditional media, but have also made users go from being passive receivers to creators-consumers of content.

In this new communication ecosystem, traditional and new media have had to consider users as an active part of this new framework. The Internet changed the dynamics of power between senders and receivers and this is reflected in the quantity and variety of content that can be accessed today, as well as in the creation and updating of information technologies that allow access by users to digital content.

See also:

  • What does it means www?
  • networks
  • Media
  • Information technology
  • Blog
  • blogging
  • Netiquette
  • Router