What is the Structure of the Argumentative Text

Argumentative texts are written to express opinions, demonstrate theories or defend positions about a subject on which there is a debate, but also to refute points of view that we consider erroneous.

The structure The argumentative text consists of three parts: introduction, argumentative body and conclusion.

The introduction It is the part in which the topic that the text and the thesis will deal with is disclosed, that is, the position that the author maintains in this regard.

The Body argumentative It is the part of the text where the arguments or reasoning on which the thesis is based are presented.

The conclusion reviews the most important ideas and exposes the author’s opinion in order to generate a change in the reader’s opinion.

Structure of the argumentative text

The argumentative text is used in fields such as science and academia, its purpose is to influence the opinion of readers or motivate them to approach the idea that is sustained in the text.


The introduction is the part in charge of presenting the theme that will develop throughout the text.

The intention is to draw a context in which to frame the thesis. This context can be a story that attracts the reader’s attention, the important thing in this presentation is to define the circumstances and the point of view that we are going to defend.

In the following example we will see the introduction of an argumentative text, whose theme it is the use of digital devices in childhood. Their thesis it is The excessive presence of screens in childhood negatively affects the physical and intellectual development of the little ones.

Introduction Example

It is becoming less common to hear the laughter and voices of children playing in the streets and parks. And it is that the forms of leisure and entertainment in childhood are very different today.

Why do children today prefer to watch screens instead of playing with each other? What disadvantages does digital entertainment cause in children?

The excessive presence of screens in childhood negatively affects the physical and mental health of the little ones.

argumentative body

It is the part where the arguments that support the thesis are exposed and developed. There are different types of arguments such as arguments of authority, probabilistic, general feeling or causality, to name a few of them.

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The development of this argument must be orderly, that is, the arguments are related to each other by means of textual connectors that provide coherence to the text.

To reinforce the defended point of view, counter-arguments and refutations can be used. Counterarguments are arguments against the position defended, arguments that deny the author’s position. The rebuttal, in turn, is responsible for denying and invalidating that counterargument.

The following example shows an argument, a counterargument, and a rebuttal.

example of argumentative body

According to the World Health Organization, it is necessary to reduce exposure to screens in children’s daily lives. Promoting recreational activities that involve physical activity during the first years of life can be a guarantee of better physical and mental health and quality sleep.

There are positions that defend a better learning capacity in children who handle digital technologies from a very early age.

However, a study by the Argentine Society of Pediatrics has shown that children have greater difficulty in applying what they have learned digitally in the real world. Since the information perceived through the screen does not completely adjust to reality.


The conclusion is the final part of the argumentative text, where the main ideas that have been developed are recapitulated. In addition, the author uses this final part to accentuate his position and encourage the reader to accept it or, at least, take it into consideration. The conclusion fulfills, therefore, a decisive and exhortatory function.

conclusion example

As we have been observing throughout this study, the excessive use of digital devices can generate not only a sedentary attitude, but also a tendency towards isolation in the little ones. Both facts are related to a poor development of physical and mental health in children.

Let’s stop promoting fun based on looking through glass, that window through which we see how others have fun. Let’s encourage the little ones to have fun in the company of other children; to exercise, to socialize and to develop the capacity to be human.

Goldfarb, G. (2016). Babies, children, adolescents and screens. Argentine Society of Pediatrics. PRONAP.

See also:

  • Argumentative text
  • Argumentative essay examples
  • Plot
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