Philosophical Knowledge

What is philosophical knowledge

Philosophical knowledge is the set of knowledge obtained through observation, analysis and reflection on the nature of being and the reality that it contemplates.

The function of philosophical knowledge is to generate new ideas and knowledge from reflection and rational argumentation.

It seeks to answer how the human being relates to reality and existence, and brings us closer to the wisdom that guides people’s lives.

Its objectives are to find the truth of things, knowledge and being, as well as answer questions about the now and current thinking.

Philosophical knowledge is characterized by being critical, analytical and integrative, in order to guide human actions. To do this, you must evaluate the validity of their arguments and their claims.

There are different types of philosophical knowledge that cover various topics, disciplines, methods and theories that allow solving various philosophical problems. For example, epistemological knowledge studies the origin and validity of ideas, and political knowledge studies the relationships between individuals in a society.

Characteristics of philosophical knowledge

  • It is a rational knowledge: seeks understandable answers to human understanding about unknown phenomena or facts. The study topics are addressed from the concepts, categories and logical principles that already exist.
  • It is systematic: It seeks to organize the knowledge gathered on a topic, based on a model that allows it to transmit this accumulation of ideas in a coherent way.
  • It’s critic: it is a knowledge that encourages the analysis and reasoning of what is known, especially if you have doubts. In this way, people get closer to the truth and avoid absolute statements.
  • It ties in with the story: it is knowledge that is related to the historical, cultural and social context in which it is formulated. Therefore, it is changeable over time.
  • It is an integrative knowledge: encompasses and tries to give meaning to human experiences, that is, everything that individuals can feel, think, do or imagine. In this way, it aims to generate new knowledge.
  • It is speculative: it is a knowledge that, through reflection, seeks to approach reality or the truth of things. However, you are under no obligation to prove your theories.
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Types of philosophical knowledge

The types of philosophical knowledge derive from the branches of philosophy. They seek to establish a rational conception of the universe, the nature of the human being and reality, for this they take into account different theoretical and practical perspectives, such as:

Epistemological knowledge: refers to pure knowledge that consists of studying knowledge itself. It focuses on the study of the origin of ideas and the limit of knowledge. It is related to wisdom. For example, analyze and question the social nature of the human being.

Epistemological knowledge: studies human knowledge, taking into account its origin, its scope and its limits.

Metaphysical knowledge: studies what reality is and its properties. For this, he tries to describe the origin of the world, of human existence, of being, of time and space, among others.

Philosophy of language: studies language, its relationship with thought and its ability to generate knowledge from the interpretation of meanings and references.

Metaphysical Knowledge: studies reality and the fundamental notions that define being, objects, existence, among others.

Political knowledge: studies human relations in community. He also studies the forms of government, social organizations, and terms such as power, justice, freedom, among others.

Logical knowledge: studies the structure, form, validation of arguments expressed through language. It also studies the notion of truth.

Knowledge of aesthetics: studies beauty, forms and artistic creations.

ethical knowledge: studies human behavior through moral standards, virtues, fundamental values.

Phenomenology: It is the study that seeks to interpret the world through consciousness, using the interpretation and manifestation of human experiences.

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Examples of philosophical knowledge

Philosophical knowledge can be evidenced in the works of numerous philosophers who have reflected on what being is, knowledge, ethics, sensitive experiences, ideas. These are the most important:

  • Tao Te Ching. It contains the foundations of philosophical Taoism, a system of thought based on the Tao, which refers to the order of the universe and existence.
  • The Republic. Contains Plato’s reflections on the nature, limits and scope of the political organization of society.
  • Metaphysics. It is the compilation of a series of treatises written by Aristotle on the understanding of being, the existence of God, of mathematical objects, among others.
  • Leviathan either The matter, form and power of an ecclesiastical and civil state. This work deals with the explanation and justification of the absolutist State that serves to establish a relationship of control over citizens, in order to maintain peace and social order.
  • Mathematical principles of natural philosophy. It is a philosophical and scientific work in which important foundations of physics are established.
  • Two treatises on civil government. Work in which he reflects on society, politics and the fundamental rights of man, and in which the foundations of liberalism are laid.
  • the social contract. It is a work on political philosophy that deals with the freedom and equality of citizens in a State organized under a social contract. This social contract refers to the agreement reached, voluntarily, by the State and the citizens, and in which an authority figure, a series of norms, duties and rights are recognized.
  • Critique of pure reason. It is a work that seeks to answer if metaphysics can be considered a science. Its main contribution is the critical look that the author makes on the positions defended by the philosophical branches of rationalism (reason is involved in the acquisition of knowledge) and empiricism (from experience ideas and knowledge are formed).
  • The being and the time. This work addresses the temporal sense of being. Among his contributions is defining the human being as a being-power, and emphasizing that existence comes before essence.
  • Dialectics of Enlightenment. It is a work about social criticism. His main contribution to philosophy is the criticism of the use of reason as an instrument to dominate nature and our fellow men (dominating reason loses sight of the essential purpose that human beings seek). Also noteworthy is the introduction of the concept of “cultural industry”, to refer to the valorization and mercantile activity of culture.
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See also:

  • Philosophy
  • types of knowledge
  • empirical knowledge
  • scientific knowledge