LGBT

We explain what the LGBT acronym means, what is its flag and its rights. In addition, we tell you the history of this movement.

LGBT
The acronym LGBT identifies everything that has to do with sexual and gender diversity.

What does LGBT mean?

The acronym LGBT (sometimes LGBTQ+ or even LGBTTTQI+) is used to refer to the set of people with sexual orientations other than traditional heterosexual, or with different gender identities to the traditional binary identity (man/woman). This acronym is composed of the initial of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgenderto which can also be added the initials of transvestite, transgender, queer, intersex, agender and even a symbol + that refers to any other identity or sexual orientation other than the traditional one and that is not included in the acronyms described.

The use of these acronyms became popular in the 1990s in English-speaking countries, but soon spread throughout the world. Initially, it was a term to refer to the homosexual population (LG) and its movements to claim and socially fight for civil rights, to which more initials were later added in order to make visible the rest of the sex-diverse communities that aspired to recognition and social organization.

Over time, the LGBT acronym has become a collective social marker, to the point of being used to identify everything that has to do with sexual and gender diversity, such as LGBT literature, LGBT cinema, among others. In addition, there is no single or correct way to organize the acronyms of this group, so that LGBT can perfectly well be GLBT or other similar acronyms.

See also: Genderfluid

Meaning of the acronym LGBT

The acronyms LGBT, LGBTQA or LGBTTTQI+ and their possible variations allude to gender identities and/or sexual orientations other than traditional (that is, cisheterosexuality). Such gender identities or sexual orientations are:

  • lesbians. It refers to female homosexuality, that is, the sexual and romantic attraction of one woman to another.
  • gay. It refers to male homosexuality, that is, the sexual and romantic attraction of one man to another.
  • bisexual. It refers to the bisexuality of both sexes, that is, to people who, regardless of their sex, are attracted to both men and women.
  • Transsexual or transgender. It no longer refers to a sexual orientation, but to a gender identity, that is, to people who psychologically identify with the opposite sex to the one they were born with: people born with a female body who identify themselves as men. (trans men), or people born with a male body who self-identify as women (trans women). A distinction is often made between transgender people (who identify with the opposite gender of their biological sex) and transsexual people (who medically and pharmacologically modify their bodies to conform to their gender identity).
  • transvestites. It refers to people who enjoy dressing in the clothes and assuming the traditional social roles of the opposite sex: women who dress and act socially as men or men who dress and act socially as women.
  • intersex. Refers to people born with a congenital condition traditionally called hermaphroditism, and that consists of having sexual organs corresponding to the feminine and masculine sex simultaneously. This makes it difficult to identify gender in binary terms.
  • agender. It refers to people who do not identify with any gender identity, that is, they do not feel represented by the binary categories of “man” and “woman”.
  • asexual. It refers to people who do not express any type of sexual and romantic orientation, that is, they are not interested in sexual-affective relationships.
  • Queer. It refers to all those sexual orientations and gender identities that go beyond what is strictly LGBTIA, such as pansexuality, polyamory, etc.
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History of the LGBT movement

LGBT stonewall history
In 1969, sexually diverse people who came to the Stonewall Inn bar were arrested and repressed.

The LGBT movement It had its beginnings in the so-called LGBT Liberation Movement, which emerged in 1969 in New York., USA. It was a movement made up of sexually diverse people who aspired to change the laws of marriage, adoption and even criminalization of homosexuality in the West and the world, to move towards a society in which the law equally protects people without distinction of your sexual orientation.

In this context, the Stonewall riots of June 1969 occurred in the New York neighborhood of Greenwich Village., in which sexually diverse people who went to the Stonewall Inn bar, frequented by transvestites, transsexuals and transgenders, were arrested and harshly repressed. This event was the foundation stone for the LGBT liberation movement that claimed the right to freely express a non-heteronormative sexuality and the abolition of laws that criminalized homosexuality.

Various movements were born as a result of the Stonewall riots: the Gay Liberation Front (Gay Liberation Front), the Alliance of Gay Activists (Gay Activist Alliance), among others. One of the great achievements of his efforts was the establishment of the gay pride paradewhich is held in commemoration of what happened at the Stonewall Inn.

Since then, the LGBT movement has been gaining ground in the West and the world, and has had successes in the area of ​​civil rights such as the recognition of homosexual marriageadoption legislation for homosexual couples, and international condemnation of laws criminalizing homosexuality in a few fundamentalist countries.

LGBT flag

LGBT pride march
The LGBT flag can include other colors to incorporate more sex-diverse groups.

The LGBT community has created its own flag, which It serves as a visual identification symbol of their struggle and has been used since 1978.. It is common to see it in LGBT pride marches and parades, and for that reason it is also known as the pride flag. pride flag).

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The LGBT flag is rectangular and consists of six thin, horizontal bars, each a specific color of the rainbow: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and violet (in that order). these colors represent the diversity of the movement and for that reason, later versions with seven or eight colored stripes have emerged, to the extent that sex-diverse groups have been incorporated into the movement.

LGBT rights

In most modern nations, LGBT people have all the rights attributed to cisheterosexual people, including:

  • To receive a dignified treatment and respectful of others.
  • Play useful work to society and fairly rewarded.
  • Not being a victim of discrimination of any kind or violent acts and hate crimes or persecution for the simple reason of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
  • Have full access to health, educational and civil services.
  • Relate sexually and emotionally with the person who so desires, and freely form a family that has the protection of the law.
  • Express yourself, associate, meet and demonstrate publicly without running any risk of persecution, silencing or discrimination.

Continue with: Gender non-binary

References

  • “LGBT movement” on Wikipedia.
  • “LGBT flag” on Wikipedia.
  • “What is the LGBTTTIQ+ population?” at the State Human Rights Commission of Jalisco (Mexico).
  • “Basics on being LGBT” in Lambda Legal.
  • “Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer community”in The Encyclopaedia Britannica.