Properties of Matter

What are the properties of matter?

The properties of matter are those that define the characteristics of everything that has mass and occupies a volume.

It is important to recognize what the property of matter is, since it is in everything that surrounds us, matter being everything that occupies a place in a space.

The properties of matter can be general or specific.

General properties of matter

The general properties of matter are those characteristics common to all bodies such as:

  • Mass: quantity of matter that contains a body.
  • Volume or extension: space occupied by a body.
  • Weight: the force exerted by gravity on bodies.
  • Porosity: space that exists between the particles.
  • Inertia: characteristic that prevents matter from moving without the intervention of an external force.
  • Impenetrability: property that a body cannot use the space of another body at the same time.
  • DivisibilityThe ability of matter to divide into smaller parts.

It is important to emphasize that matter and its properties will always be affected by the gravitational forces of the medium in which they are found and by the force of attraction between the molecules that compose it.

specific properties of matter

The specific properties of matter are the characteristics that differentiate one body from another and are grouped into:

  • physical properties: are those that define the measurable structure of the object. For examplesmell, texture, taste, physical state, etc.
  • Chemical properties: are the properties that each substance has with respect to other substances with the ability to create new ones. For examplecombustibility, oxidation, reactivity, electron affinity, among others.
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Difference Between Matter and Weight

It is important not to confuse matter and weight. Matter is made up of mass that does not change, unlike weight, which does change due to the effect of gravity.

For examplea matter with a mass of 100 kilos will have a constant mass on Earth as on the Moon, but its weight will be different because the force of gravity on Earth and on the Moon is different.

See also:

  • Subject
  • Intensive and extensive properties of matter
  • States of the material
  • Changes of state of matter