Sixth Generation of Computers

We explain what the sixth generation of computers is and what features they are expected to have. Also, other generations of computers.

Sophia is a robot with artificial intelligence.Sophia is a robot with artificial intelligence.
The sixth generation will take advantage of current technologies, such as artificial intelligence.

What is the sixth generation of computers?

The sixth generation of computers It will be the next step in the evolution of computers, starting with the construction of “neural networks” or “artificial brains”, that is, large decentralized information processing systems, hand in hand with artificial intelligence and superconductors. This is a generation of computers to come, of which certain trends can hardly be speculated, so their full appearance will occur in the future.

Sixth generation computers will undoubtedly take advantage of the technologies developed during the fifth generation that is currently being developed, such as parallel processing, expert systems, artificial intelligence, among others. This is likely to bring with it new and unsuspected capabilities for these types of tools, many of which are currently the stuff of science fiction speculation.

See also: History of the computer

Features of the sixth generation of computers

It is difficult to predict the characteristics that sixth generation computers may have, given that it is a technology yet to come, whose path can barely be intuited. However, it is likely that these computers can:

  • Process gigantic amounts of information quickly and similar to how human brains do it.
  • Understand natural language in its interaction with the user, recognizing their voice and responding accordingly with a simulated voice.
  • Perform advanced heuristic tasks (probability) or even creative, combining elements in an entirely original way.
  • Design your own technological improvements based on the knowledge accumulated about themselves and the advantages of artificial intelligence.
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What are the other generations of computers?

A fourth generation IBM computer is displayed at an exhibition.A fourth generation IBM computer is displayed at an exhibition.
Fourth generation computers began to be mass produced.

The generations of computers that have existed or exist are:

  • First generation of computers (1940-1956). It emerged during the Second World War, following advances in computing devices. These first machines were sophisticated calculating devices equipped with vacuum valves that were programmed before they could execute their functions. In addition, they were very bulky, being able to occupy an entire room and weigh several tons, such is the case of the ENIAC (1946), the UNIVAC I (1951) or the Zuse Z22 (1955).
  • Second generation of computers (1956-1964). It arose when vacuum tubes were replaced by transistors, allowing these new devices to consume less electricity and take up less space. These computers understood the programming language and used perforated paper tapes as a method of memory and communication with the user, such is the case of the RAMAC (1956), the Mainframe IBM 1401 (1959) or PDP-1 (1962).
  • Third generation of computers (1964-1971). It emerged with the appearance of integrated circuits, made with silicon chips. Miniaturized elements could be installed in these components and thus obtain a chip. This allowed much less expensive computers to be manufactured, which began the commercial sale of computers, such as the IBM S/360 series (1964).
  • Fourth generation of computers (1971-1983). It emerged with the appearance of the microprocessor, which allowed the invention of microcomputers. These computers were so small and cheap that they began to be mass marketed. The PC (in English Personal Computer“personal computer”) began to be a work and personal necessity from this generation, led by Intel microprocessor technology, from IBM, and by its competition, Macintosh.
  • Fifth generation of computers (1983-present). It began around 1983 in Japan, with advances in miniaturization and data processing, at the service of nanotechnology and artificial intelligence. It is a technology still in development, which has barely seen its first steps and applications.
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More in: Generations of computers

References

  • “Generations of computers” on Wikipedia.
  • “Generations of computers” at ECOTEC Technological University (Ecuador).
  • “Generations of computers. 1st Generation to 5th Generation” (video) in Learning Notebook.