Social Inequality

What is social inequality

Social inequality, also known as economic inequality, is a socioeconomic problem resulting from the poor distribution of income in the social area.

Social inequality is an expression that reflects the discriminatory treatment suffered by a group of people, but favors other social classes.

In general, social inequality occurs in underdeveloped or undeveloped countries, and it can also occur in countries with high levels of development, due to lack of education, better opportunities in the labor market and also due to the difficulty of access cultural goods or health services or education that most of the population suffers.

Social inequality generates other types of inequalities such as gender inequality, racial inequality, regional inequalityamong others.

Marxist ideologists affirm that social inequality arose with capitalism, that is, with the economic system that perpetuated the idea of ​​capital accumulation and private property, and that at the same time that it incites the principle of greater competition and distinguishes the level of people based on capital and their ability to consume.

Social inequality is a problem present everywhere, in different continents, countries and states. However, there are places where the problems are more evident, such as African countries, which are considered to have the highest rates of social and economic inequality in the world.

It should also be noted that it is considered that in the progress and full development of the most advanced democratic societies, the goal of a society is to reduce the inequality gaps in order to achieve social equality.

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See also Social Equality.

Causes of social inequality

In the economic aspect, the lack of job opportunities gives rise to poor and rich social groups, and the increase in taxes accentuates inequality because, sometimes, those with less income pay more taxes than the rich, which it confines them permanently to poverty or misery. Corruption and tax evasion also contribute to the increase of this phenomenon.

On the other hand, inequality increases when a certain group of people benefits from public investment and spending, in access to basic public services such as health or education.

In the social part, it is generated by discrimination between individuals due to their economic position, race, religion, sex, among others. This is generated by the difficulty that a group of individuals presents in accessing education, technology, and knowledge, making a group in society feel more vulnerable to suffer other consequences such as rejection, hunger, malnutrition, and infant mortality.

See also Social inequality.

Consequences of social inequality

  • Increase in the unemployment rate.
  • Increase in the rate of violence and crime generated by the group of vulnerable individuals to survive the crisis and dominate over a group of people.
  • Delay in the economic progress of the country.
  • Malnutrition and infant mortality due to lack of economic resources.
  • Income inequality.
  • Lack of education and access to the health system and medicines.
  • marginalization by society.

See also:

  • 9 extreme examples of social inequality.
  • 8 examples of social injustice in the world.
  • What is the Social Question