Types of Knowledge

Knowledge refers to set of experiences, sensations and reflections that lead to reasoning and learning.

Through knowledge, individuals can recognize the context in which we find ourselves and develop, after making various interpretations and analyzes of everything we experience and feel. Plato was one of the first philosophers and thinkers to consider that knowledge is what is really true.

Later other thinkers appeared who continued to investigate knowledge, its origin and validity, including Immanuel Kant, who emphasized the importance of the study of epistemology.

Also, the knowledge leads to a cognitive process that develops as we obtain more informationwhether or not prior to the experience.

empirical knowledge

Empirical knowledge is that which is acquired through observation and personal and demonstrable experience, without the need to apply any method of investigation or study.

However, pure empirical knowledge does not exist, and this is because all people are part of a society, community and family.

That is, we are part of an environment loaded with beliefs, thoughts, theories, stereotypes or value judgments that affect our perception and interpretation of new knowledge.

An example of empirical knowledge can be recognizing the flavors of food.

See also: Empirical knowledge

scientific knowledge

It is a type of knowledge that is characterized by presenting information about demonstrable phenomena in a logical and organized manner. Therefore, it is based on theories, laws and fundamentals in order to verify the analysis and validity of the information.

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In this sense, conclusions or hypotheses can be drawn up that encourage new research, critical analysis and technological developments. It also enables the creation of new models or theories. As an example we can mention the creation of renewable energies.

See also Scientific knowledge.

intuitive knowledge

It is a type of knowledge that is obtained from a reasoning process after which an idea or fact is perceived, without prior knowledge or verification of its veracity being necessary.

Intuition allows us to perceive information instantly due to the relationship of information, association of ideas or sensations that each individual carries out.

For example, we can intuit that it may rain if we see a large accumulation of nines in the sky accompanied by a lot of wind.

philosophical knowledge

It is a type of knowledge that starts from reflection, observation and dialogue about reality, the context in which we find ourselves, the experiences we live, natural, cultural, social and political phenomena, among others.

Likewise, it is knowledge that can be derived from thought, beyond the topics on which reflections or analysis must be carried out.

In philosophical knowledge it is not necessary to reach experience, since its main concern is to explain everything that surrounds us, which is why it bases the creation of methods and techniques that allow the analysis and explanation of various situations and human practices.

Likewise, it is a type of knowledge that can be reviewed and improved continuously. For example, the study of ethics or morals.

See also Philosophical knowledge.

mathematical knowledge

Mathematical knowledge has to do with the relationship between numbers and exact representations of reality. It is characterized by presenting a type of abstract and logical reasoning, establishing mathematical formulas and relating to scientific knowledge.

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As an example, positive numbers and negative numbers in administration can be mentioned.

logical knowledge

It is the type of knowledge that is based on the coherent understanding of ideas that are related and that generate a conclusion. It is characterized by being deductive, applying logical and comparative thinking, as well as leading to possible solutions.

For example, every Thursday I have piano lessons, today is Thursday, so I have piano lessons.

religious knowledge

It is a type of knowledge based on a dogma, faith or beliefs of the people, whose data is considered true and is accepted without questioning of any kind, beyond the fact that its truthfulness or falsity cannot be demonstrated.

It is characterized by being a type of knowledge that is passed from one generation to another, affects other types of knowledge, is composed of rituals and a series of regulations, stable values ​​and personal behaviors, among others.

For example, the belief in rituals that can perform miracles or the solution of various problems.

direct knowledge

It is a type of knowledge that is acquired after direct experience with an object or situation. It is obtained through the senses, therefore, it is subject to personal interpretation.

It should not be confused with intuitive knowledge, which derives from previous experiences. For example, seeing snow fall for the first time.

indirect knowledge

It is the knowledge that is obtained from other information that is possessed, so it is not necessary to be in front of the object on which reference is made.

For example, when a student knows what the circulatory system is about, thanks to having read about it in his school book.

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See also Knowledge.