what is bullying

It is understood by bullying to act of stalking. To bully it is to persecute, with determination and ardor, without giving respite to rest, a person or animal.

Harassment can occur in any field and can be suffered by any individual without social, educational, economic distinction. As such, harassment can be carried out by aggressors of superior, equal or inferior hierarchies in reference to the victim, through the practice of constant violent or intimidating acts on a person, in order to destabilize the victim and create discomfort or disagreement in your own.

In the area of ​​psychologyharassment is seen as a disorder or obsession suffered by a group of people that leads them to carry out certain actions such as spying on their victims, following them, calling them, threatening them and committing violent acts against them.

The stalker is an individual who harasses, physically, psychologically, or through the use of technology, either through the internet or telephone.

In the case of cyberbullyhas the purpose of monitoring the daily movements of the victim through social networks -facebook, Instagram, twitter- and once the private information is obtained, the harassment process begins, which leads to sexual harassment, or love obsession, without being able to accept a rejection by the victim.

Different types of harassers can be distinguished, such as: work, sexual, school, physical harassers. Due to the seriousness of the disorder, some countries such as Colombia, Mexico, have supported the introduction of harassment in their legislation to prevent and punish it, as well as other actions, be it harassment.

According to psychological studies carried out on the stalker, he presents a psychological profile that stands out: lack of empathy, lack of feelings of guilt, paranoid, compulsive liar, premeditated manipulator, among others.

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types of harassment


School harassment, also called bullying, is the verbal or physical abuse that a child specifically suffers in the educational field. School bullying affects all children and young people from different social conditions, and they suffer from subjugation, intimidation, threats, which violate the dignity of the child and their fundamental rights in order to obtain something.

See also Bullying.

sexual harassment

Sexual harassment is any verbal, psychological or physical behavior directed against a person because of their sex with the purpose of creating an intimidating, hostile, humiliating environment and violating their dignity.

However, sexual harassment can also be seen together with other harassment such as workplace harassment, in which it is carried out by a person who, due to the power they have within the company, sexually abuses and intimidates another person. Most of the time, it is a superior who, due to his hierarchical position, sexually blackmails or “quid pro quo” against a lower-ranking person, conditioning his salary, working conditions, continuity in the job, among others.

Workplace Harassment

Labor or moral harassment, frequently known as mobbing, in this type of harassment the victim receives unjustified psychological violence through hostile acts leading to producing fear or terror in the worker, in order to destroy their communication networks, reputation, relationship within your scope of work to get you to quit in the workplace.

In this sense, workplace bullying is often caused by the abuse of power that leads to a state of helplessness and risk for the victim.

Physical and verbal harassment

Harassment can be carried out physically or verbally. In reference to physical harassment, it consists of hurting a person or their belongings through blows, tripping, pushing, inappropriate gestures, destroying the victim’s property, among other actions.

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On the other hand, verbal harassment consists of expressing unpleasant things, which includes teasing, insults, provocations, inappropriate sexual comments and threats.

See also: Cyberbullying.