Mexican Revolution

What was the Mexican Revolution

Mexican Revolution It was an armed conflict that began in 1910, as a consequence of popular discontent towards the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz.and that would lead to a civil war that would radically transform the political and social structures of the country.

It is considered the most important historical event in the history of Mexico in the 20th century.

The revolution began with the uprising led by Francisco I. Madero, who opposed the re-election of General Porfirio Díaz to the presidency, a dictator who had ruled the country for more than thirty years.

Later, other political forces would join, including two of the most emblematic leaders of the revolutionary movement: Pancho Villa, in the north, and Emiliano Zapata, in the south.

Among the demands of the revolution were a genuine democratic system of government, greater social rights, a just agrarian reform for the peasants, and freedom and equality for the people.

Your official start date is considered to be the day 20th November 1910day in which Francisco I. Madero calls to take up arms against the dictatorship.

Causes of the Mexican Revolution

One of the main causes of the Mexican Revolution is the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz, who for more than thirty years exercised power arbitrarily, distributing perquisites among a small privileged group of landowners, industrialists, and foreign investors.

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Despite the material advances and economic progress that the country experienced during his mandate, the situation of social injustice in Mexico deepened and became more acute during those years.

Thus, the crisis of the Porfiriato, the democratic efforts of Madero and the serious situation of the peasants, product of the exploitation of landowners, produced a popular awakening that materialized in the Mexican Revolution.

Consequences of the Mexican Revolution

The Mexican Revolution is one of the first social revolutions of the 20th century and was responsible for bringing Mexico into the 20th century. Among its achievements and consequences we can mention the following:

  • Resignation of Porfirio Diaz
  • Promulgation of a new constitution in 1917
  • Nationalization of the soil and subsoil
  • Agrarian reform
  • Reform to the public education law
  • Nationalization of oil
  • Improvement of the employment situation of workers
  • Creation of trade unionism
  • Distribution of landed estates among the peasantry

Characters of the Mexican Revolution

Among the most outstanding characters of the Mexican Revolution we can talk about five fundamentals.

Porfirio Diaz

Porfirio Díaz (1830-1915), ruled Mexico under an iron dictatorship for more than 30 years, between 1876 and 1911, with brief interruptions. Man of arms. During his government, great material achievements were achieved that contrast with social injustices. He resigned from power in 1910. He died in exile in France.

See also Porfiriato.

Francisco I Madero

Francisco I. Madero (1873-1913), political leader who began the revolutionary process in 1910 with his proclamation against Porfirio Díaz “Effective suffrage, no re-election”. He came to power in 1911, but in 1913 he was betrayed and killed in a coup led by Victoriano Huerta, these events are known as the Tragic Decade.

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Emiliano Zapata

Emiliano Zapata (1879-1919), known as “Caudillo del Sur”, was one of the most prominent leaders of the Mexican Revolution. He was in command of the Liberation Army of the South. He promoter of social struggles and agrarian demands. His main demand was the return of the land to the peasants by the landowners. His ideology gave rise to a school of thought called Zapatismo.

See also Zapatismo.

Pancho Villa

Francisco Villa, better known as Pancho Villa, and whose real name was Doroteo Arango (1878-1923), was a leader of the revolution in the north of the country, and one of the most effective and charismatic military leaders of the Mexican Revolution. He was assassinated in 1923.

Venustiano Carranza

Venustiano Carranza (1859-1920), president between 1917 and 1920, after defeating Victoriano Huerta. He promulgated the 1917 constitution, which remains in force in Mexico to this day.

Phrases of the Mexican Revolution

“The Republic has frankly entered the path of unquestionable progress.”
Porfirio Diaz

“Effective suffrage, No reelection”.
Francisco I Madero

“Land and freedom”.
Ricardo Flores Magon

“The land belongs to those who work it”.
Emiliano Zapata

“To serve the country, there is never enough of those who arrive, nor is there a lack of those who leave.”
Venustiano Carranza.

“What would the world be like if we were all generals, if we were all capitalists, or if we were all poor?”
Pancho Villa

See also Mexican Revolution Day.